Quite often when Delhiites find out they are suffering from kidney stones, they visit a general practitioner for immediate treatment of the pain or resort to DIY remedies to help them deal with it. While preventive measures to reduce the risk, is a good first step, most patients benefit from specialist treatment from the best urologist in Delhi.
Who is a Urologist?
Urologists are specialist surgeons who are trained and experienced in the diagnosis and treatment of urinary disorders. A urologist treats both men and women and handles a range of conditions from kidney stones to other issues like urinary incontinence, pelvic health, erectile dysfunction, testicular, kidney, bladder, and prostate cancer.
Here’s Why you Need Expert Help
When it comes to kidney stones, there are several types like calcium oxalate stones, uric acid stones, struvite, cystine and much more. The causes for each of these stones vary, and only a urologist helps in determining the best course of treatment while guiding you on the best way to manage the condition on an ongoing basis.
According to the Institute of Nephrology, nearly 40 to 50% of patients, who suffer from kidney stones, will have a recurrence of the disease within five years. A urologist not only provides you the best treatment options to pass the stone quickly but also suggests the best course to prevent future kidney stones.
How does a Urologist treat Kidney Stones?
The method of treatment depends on several factors like the kidney stone type, size, and location. When you approach a Urologist in Delhi, he/she may consider any one or a combination of the following treatment methods to break the stone into small pieces.
- Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy – This is an outpatient procedure done under anaesthesia. The doctor uses electromagnetic waves to break the stone into a sand-like texture so that it can pass through your urinary tract easily. This treatment is suitable for patients of all ages and even those suffering from other conditions like heart diseases. It can also treat translucent stones that are not usually detected under standard fluoroscopy.
- Percutaneous Nephrostolithotomy (PCNL) – This treatment is performed under spinal or epidural anaesthesia and requires hospitalisation. It makes use of a telescope along with a mechanical lithotripter to break the stone into smaller particles.
- Ureterorenoscopic Lithotripsy with Holmium Laser – This method is specifically used to treat stones located in the ureter. Here, the urologist inserts a ureteroscope into the ureter and makes uses of a Holmium laser to break the stones into sand-like particles. The primary advantage of this treatment method is that it’s effective against kidney stones of all sizes and compositions. Patients are admitted on the day of treatment and usually, discharged the next day.
Once the procedures are completed, your urologist may insert a ureteral stent (a thin, flexible tube) into your urinary tract to help in easing the pass of the broken stone. Additionally, the urologist sends the pieces of the stone to a lab for further testing to identify the type. This helps in providing you with the right medications and treatment plans to avoid future kidney stones.
How to Prevent Kidney Stones?
The best urology doctors in Delhi suggest that the easiest and most effective way to prevent kidney stones is by ensuring that you drink enough liquids throughout the day. Drinking adequate water helps to keep your urine diluted and flushes away minerals that may accumulate to form stones. The amount of water to drink varies from person to person and depends on several factors like the weather, activity level and so on.
Additional Reading: Suffering from Kidney Stone Disease? Need to Take Steps Immediately
Kidney stones are one of the most common health problems faced by a large number of Delhites, especially men. With summer around the corner, make sure to drink adequate water and stay hydrated through the day. Also, if you find that you have a kidney stone, make sure to visit an experienced urologist to eliminate the problem entirely and avoid future recurrence.